Nobody really knows where marzipan originated. Persia said it came from them and Italy and Hungary both say it comes from them. We do know that it was invented in the year of a really bad harvest. Marzipan was also used for medicinal purposes. In the beginning of the 17th century it was actually made in the pharmacy. In 1806 in Tallinn confectioner Lorenz Caviezel started making figures out of marzipan. Marzipan must have a minimum almond oil content of 14% and a maximum moisture content of 8.5%.
Marzipan is used as a dessert in and of itself, sculpted into figures. It can also be used as a part of a dessert. For example, used like fondant on top of a cake or on the bottom of a galette.
The process of making marzipan is fairly simple. It takes a while to cook the sugar over low heat until it dissolves, but that is the longest part of making this dessert. You must make sure that you stir constantly or you could burn the sugar.