The exact place and time of the creation of the doughnut is unknown. Fried dough is not exclusive to any specific culture. This is what we do know. The Dutch were making, what is known as Olykoeks (oily cakes) in the mid 19th century. They were cake balls fried in pork fat.
In 1847, an American ship captain named Hansen Gregory was the one who punched a hole in the center of the dough before frying to help avoid the previous issue of the center of the dough being raw.
The first written record of the name doughnut was in 1809 from a Washington Irvine publication. In 1920 a Russian born immigrant, Adolph Levitt created a automated doughnut machine.
In world war 1 doughnuts were given to the soldiers to remind them of home. In world war 2 the doughnuts were given to soldiers by “donut dollies”, female morale boosters. During the 1940’s and 1950’s is when Dunkin’ Donuts and Kristen Keene was born.